Full-Stack Developer

What Is a Full-Stack Developer?

A full-stack developer helps build and maintain both the front-end and the back-end of a website. Learn about full-stack developer skills, salary, and how you can become one.
A full-stack developer is a developer or engineer who can build both the front end and the back end of a website. The front end (the parts of a website a user sees and interacts with) and the back end (the behind-the-scenes data storage and processing) require different skill sets. Since full-stack developers are involved with all aspects of the development process, they must have expertise in both.
A full-stack developer can work in-house or at a computer development company that engineers websites, software, and other components for other businesses.
Front-end developers create user interfaces (UI). UI is the graphical layout of an application that determines what each part of a site or application does and how it will look. "I've always found crafting polished user interactions that surprise and delight users to be the most rewarding and engaging task," says Mari Batilando, a software engineer at Meta. "In order to do this, you need to both have an eye for detail and a rock-solid understanding of the platform."

What does a full-stack developer do?

Full-stack developers design and create websites and applications for various platforms. A full-stack developer’s job description might include the following:
  • Develop and maintain web services and interfaces
  • Contribute to front-end and back-end development processes
  • Build new product features or APIs
  • Perform tests, troubleshoot software, and fix bugs

Full-stack developer skills :

Full-stack developers may be creative, graphically inclined, internet- and tech-savvy, and have excellent attention to detail. You’ll want to learn the following skills to have a career in full-stack development:
  • Front-end development: is the process of creating the interface of a website. It entails coding details like drop-down menus, fonts, colors, and page layouts. Full-stack developers should also know how to work with front-end technologies like HTML, CSS, and scripting languages such as JavaScript to make websites and applications visually viable and appealing. If you want to transition into full-stack development from back-end development.
  • Back-end development:skills entail using back-end programming languages like Python, PHP, Ruby on Rails, and CakePHP and understanding how algorithms and business logic work. You can enhance your back-end development skills to prepare for a full-stack developer role with
  • Web design: includes using software such as Photoshop to create and design graphics and themes. It’ll be helpful to familiarize yourself with basic UI (user interface) design principles to help you create navigational elements, backgrounds, and audio and video elements.
  • Database management:skills are required for full-stack developers, though it is part of the skills needed for back-end web development. A full-stack developer should be able to design, understand, and manipulate database queries and web storage.

  • Average salary and job outlook

    As of October 2022, the average annual salary of a full-stack developer is $81,188, according to Glassdoor. This figure does not include bonuses, commissions, or other additional payments that may be offered to a full-stack developer on a yearly basis. The estimated additional pay for this role is $5,915 per year.
    The job outlook for full-stack developers is bright. According to LinkedIn's 2020 Emerging Jobs Report, rapid changes in technology have made full-stack developers valuable assets in companies. The profession has grown 35 percent a year since 2015 and appears to continue on that trend into the near future, LinkedIn reports

    Full-stack development is full of unique terms. Below you will find a few of the frequent ones:

    • HTML (hypertext markup language):

      The basic building block needed to develop websites; a language that allows you to make notes in digital documents that are different from regular text.

    • CSS (cascading style sheets):

      The language used to create the layout, color, and overall style of the pages you create with HTML. notes in digital documents that are different from regular text.

    • JavaScript:

      The programming language that determines what the page will do..

    Course Fees ₹ 20000 (3 Month Course)

    HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) is the standard markup language used for creating web pages and applications on the World Wide Web. It serves as the backbone of every webpage, providing the structure and content organization.
    In simple terms, HTML is a set of tags or elements that define the structure and layout of a webpage. These tags are enclosed in angle brackets (< >) and are used to mark up different parts of the content, such as headings, paragraphs, images, links, tables, forms, and more.
    HTML allows you to structure your content hierarchically, with elements nested inside other elements. It provides semantic meaning to the content, making it accessible to both humans and search engines.
    When a web browser reads an HTML document, it interprets the tags and renders the content accordingly. This means that HTML determines how the content is displayed on the screen, including the text formatting, images, and interactive elements.
    To create a web page, you write HTML code using a text editor and save the file with a .html extension. This HTML file can then be opened in a web browser to view the rendered webpage.
    HTML is a fundamental skill for anyone interested in web development. It serves as the starting point for building web pages and lays the foundation for more advanced technologies like CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) and JavaScript.
    CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation and visual appearance of a document written in HTML or XML. It is a fundamental technology in web development that allows you to control the layout, colors, fonts, and other visual aspects of a webpage.
    In simple terms, CSS acts as a separate layer from the HTML structure and provides a way to style and design web content. It works by targeting HTML elements and applying various styles and properties to them.
    With CSS, you can define how elements should be displayed on the screen, including their size, position, margins, padding, and border. You can also specify the colors, fonts, background images, and other visual effects to create an attractive and consistent user interface.
    One of the key features of CSS is its cascading nature, which allows you to apply styles to multiple elements at once and define specific styles for individual elements. CSS rules are written in a hierarchical manner, and when multiple styles are applied to the same element, the cascading rules determine which style takes precedence.
    CSS can be written directly within an HTML file using inline styles, embedded within the style tags in the head section, or linked externally from a separate CSS file. External CSS files are preferred for larger projects as they promote better organization and reusability of styles across multiple webpages.
    By learning CSS, you gain the ability to enhance the visual appeal of your web pages, create responsive layouts, and ensure a consistent design across your website. CSS is an essential skill for web designers and developers to bring life and creativity to their HTML content.
    Client-side scripting: JavaScript is primarily used on the client-side, meaning it runs in the user's web browser. It allows you to manipulate HTML elements, handle events, validate forms, create animations, and perform various other interactive tasks.
    Scripting language: JavaScript is often referred to as a scripting language because it is typically embedded within HTML pages and executed on-demand by the web browser. It doesn't require a separate compilation step.
    Object-oriented programming (OOP): JavaScript supports object-oriented programming concepts like objects, classes, inheritance, and encapsulation. It provides a flexible and dynamic approach to building complex applications.
    Cross-platform compatibility: JavaScript is supported by all major web browsers, making it a widely compatible language. This allows you to create web applications that work consistently across different browsers and operating systems.
    Integration with HTML and CSS: JavaScript can interact with HTML elements and modify their content, attributes, and styles. It can also manipulate CSS classes and dynamically apply styles to elements, enabling dynamic and responsive web design.
    Extensibility through libraries and frameworks: JavaScript has a rich ecosystem of libraries and frameworks such as React, Angular, and Vue.js, which provide powerful tools and abstractions for building complex web applications with ease.
    Server-side scripting: JavaScript is not limited to client-side development. With the introduction of Node.js, JavaScript can now be used for server-side scripting as well. This allows developers to build end-to-end web applications using a single programming language.
    JavaScript is a versatile language that continues to evolve with new features and capabilities. It offers a wide range of possibilities for creating interactive web experiences and has become an essential skill for web developers.
    Bootstrap is a popular open-source front-end framework that provides a collection of CSS and JavaScript components for building responsive and mobile-first websites and web applications. It simplifies the process of designing and styling webpages by providing ready-to-use UI components and pre-defined styles.
    Responsive Design: Bootstrap is built with a mobile-first approach, meaning it prioritizes designing for smaller screens and then adapts to larger screens. It provides a responsive grid system and components that automatically adjust and reflow to fit different screen sizes.
    UI Components: Bootstrap offers a wide range of UI components such as navigation bars, buttons, forms, modals, cards, carousels, and more. These components are pre-styled and can be easily customized to match your design requirements.
    Grid System: Bootstrap provides a responsive grid system based on a 12-column layout. It allows you to create flexible and responsive page layouts by dividing the content into rows and columns. The grid system ensures proper alignment and distribution of elements across different screen sizes.
    CSS Customization: Bootstrap provides a comprehensive set of CSS classes and utility classes that can be used to customize the appearance and behavior of components. You can modify colors, fonts, spacing, and other visual properties by applying or overriding these classes.
    JavaScript Plugins: Bootstrap includes a variety of JavaScript plugins that add interactive functionality to your webpages. These plugins handle common tasks such as dropdowns, tooltips, modals, sliders, and more. They are easy to implement and enhance the user experience without writing extensive JavaScript code.
    Browser Compatibility: Bootstrap is designed to work well across different browsers and platforms. It ensures consistent rendering and behavior of components across major web browsers, reducing the need for extensive browser-specific CSS and JavaScript code.
    Documentation and Community: Bootstrap has comprehensive documentation with examples, guidelines, and usage instructions. The Bootstrap community is active and provides support, resources, and third-party themes and templates.
    Bootstrap is a valuable tool for web developers, as it allows for rapid prototyping, efficient development, and consistent styling. It provides a solid foundation for building modern and visually appealing web applications.
    PHP is an open-source server-side scripting language that many devs use for web development. It is also a general-purpose language that you can use to make lots of projects, including Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs).
    PHP is designed specifically for server-side scripting, meaning it runs on a web server and generates HTML code that is sent to the client's web browser. It allows developers to create dynamic web pages that can interact with databases, handle forms, process user input, and perform various server-side tasks.
    PHP offers a wide range of features, including support for multiple databases (such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, etc.), extensive libraries and frameworks (such as Laravel, Symfony, and CodeIgniter), and compatibility with various web servers and operating systems.
    PHP is a versatile language and can be used for various purposes beyond web development. It can be used for command-line scripting, developing desktop applications, and even for creating APIs and web services.
    PHP is a cross-platform language, which means it can run on different operating systems such as Windows, macOS, Linux, and various web servers like Apache and Nginx.
    PHP is actively developed and maintained by a dedicated team of developers. Regular updates and new versions are released with improved performance, security enhancements, and new features. As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2021, the latest stable version is PHP 8.0.